Is Eucalyptus Wood a Hardwood or Softwood? (Ultimate Guide!)

Ever wondered if the majestic eucalyptus tree yields hardwood? Let’s unravel this nature’s secret together!

Is eucalyptus a hardwood

Eucalyptus is a popular wood when making fences, panels, and other structural projects.

When I first started working with Eucalyptus wood, I was curious about its hardness to apply it to a heavy-duty project.

So, I did a deep research with the help of experts to find its hardness.

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    Now, witty years of experience, here’s what I know about, Is eucalyptus hardwood?

    Yes, eucalyptus wood is classified as a hardwood, renowned for its durability and versatility in various applications such as furniture making and flooring. Its botanical classification as hardwood is not solely based on its physical hardness.

    So, In this article, I will explore whether is eucalyptus a hardwood, the Characteristics of eucalyptus wood, and more information in detail.

    Furthermore, I’ll answer some frequently asked questions as well.

    Let’s dig in!

    Eucalyptus wood furniture and woodwork
    Eucalyptus wood furniture and woodwork

    Now let’s take a deeper look at whether eucalyptus wood is hardwood.

    What Is Eucalyptus Wood? 

    Eucalyptus wood is a great alternative to traditional woods like mahogany, hickory, and cherry. It is an environmentally friendly choice.

    The strength, density, and colour of eucalyptus wood vary from species to species, with light-colored eucalyptus wood being less dense than dark-colored eucalyptus wood.

    Eucalyptus hardwood is widely used in construction, including support beams, flooring, and plywood. It is suitable for exterior work such as cabinets, panels, and fences as well as for processing special items.

    The two main species of Eucalyptus are native to Australia, the dark red and red Eucalyptus and the expensive Rose Eucalyptus wood being the most prominent.

    Due to its density, eucalyptus wood is an incredibly strong wood. Proper drying of eucalyptus wood can produce furniture with an excellent finish. 

    Due to its durability and versatility, it is a popular construction material among many.

    Now you know what kind of wood Eucalyptus is. So, let’s focus on its key factor which is the hardness.

    Characteristic features of eucalyptus wood
    Characteristic features of eucalyptus wood

    How Hard Is Eucalyptus Wood?

    Eucalyptus wood has an excellent hardness compared to other woods. 

    On the Janka hardness scale, which measures the wood’s resistance to indentation, eucalyptus ranks as excellent. It has a range of up to 2370 (lbf).

    This results in good strength, outstanding durability, and good resistance to wear. 

    Eucalyptus wood’s hardness makes it suitable for a wide range of uses, from flooring and furniture to outdoor applications such as decking.

    For these reasons, this type of wood has been preferred by many for many projects.

    Did you know fact about eucalyptus wood
    Did you know fact about eucalyptus wood

    Hardness of Eucalyptus Wood Compared to Other Woods

    According to the hardness rating of the wood, the hardness of Eucalyptus Wood is about 2,370 lbf. 

    The hardness of Eucalyptus Wood compared to other woods is shown in the table below.

    Wood SpeciesHardness value
    Brazilian Walnut3,684 lbf (16,390 N)
    Red Mahogany, Turpentine2,697 lbf (12,000 N)
    Eucalyptus Wood2,370 lbf (10542.29 N)
    Brazilian Cherry, Jatoba2,350 lbf (10,500 N)
    Golden Teak2,330 lbf (10,400 N)
    Hickory, Pecan, Satinwood1,820 lbf (8,100 N)
    Hard Maple, Sugar Maple1,450 lbf (6,400 N)
    White Oak1,360 lbf (6,000 N)
    Ash (White)1,320 lbf (5,900 N)
    American Beech1,300 lbf (5,800 N)
    Red Oak (Northern)1,290 lbf (5,700 N)
    Yellow Birch / Baltic birch1,260 lbf (5,600 N)
    Teak1,155 lbf (5,140 N)
    Black Walnut, North American Walnut1,010 lbf (4,500 N)
    Tip for working with eucalyptus wood
    Tip for working with eucalyptus wood

    Characteristics of Eucalyptus Wood 

    Eucalyptus Trees

    A distinctive feature of Eucalyptus wood derived from the Eucalyptus tree is its height. 

    These trees typically reach a height of 65 to 100 feet and have trunks that range from 3 to 4 feet.

    Eucalyptus wood is grown as granted in Brazilian plantations. 

    This plantation makes eucalyptus wood readily available and supports industries ranging from construction to papermaking.

    The Appearance

    Eucalyptus wood has a beautiful appearance, with pink to dark brown colors similar to those found in red, black cherry, and Honduran mahogany. 

    These colors give eucalyptus wood an attractive appearance.

    The color of eucalyptus wood darkens over time, but this can be avoided by proper maintenance. It is an indispensable choice for various woodworking applications.

    Eucalyptus wood floor
    Eucalyptus wood floor

    Weight and Strength:

    Eucalyptus wood has remarkable strength and density. It weighs approximately 850 kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m³). 

    Woods such as mahogany and oak, as well as eucalyptus wood, have good strength.

    Due to its strength, it has the ability to withstand significant loads and stresses, making it a highly sought-after material for construction.


    A notable feature of eucalyptus wood is its durability. This type of wood can be classified as moderately durable as it resists decay and rot.

    Eucalyptus wood can withstand normal weather conditions and is ideal for outdoor use, but prolonged exposure to moisture can reduce durability.

    If not properly maintained over time, Eucalyptus wood is affected by insects and natural decay processes. 

    Therefore, proper preservation methods can be used to achieve good longevity.

    Eucalyptus wood cupboard
    Eucalyptus wood cupboard

    Ability to Work:

    Eucalyptus wood is popular among many people because it is a versatile wood. Eucalyptus wood is easy to work with.

    This characteristic is due to the user-friendliness of the wood, which allows processes such as gluing, finishing, and stain removal to be carried out easily. 

    Eucalyptus wood forms a strong and durable bond after being glued, resulting in a good final finish.


    Eucalyptus wood is a type of wood that is commonly seen in the market, so it is easy to buy.

    The price of this wood is relatively similar to other woods. This makes it more convenient for the customers.

    Technical Properties:   

    The technical properties of Eucalyptus wood can be classified as follows,

    Specific gravityin the range of 0.60 to 0.85 (with 12% moisture content).
    Janka Hardnessis Impressive at 1,420 lbf (6,330 N).
    Modulus of RuptureStrong 17,110 lbf/in² (118.0 MPa)
    Modulus of elasticityUp to 2,049,000 lbf/in² (14.13 GPa)
    Compressive strength8,640 lbf/in² (59.6 MPa)
    ShrinkageRadial – 8.2%, Tangential – 12.8%, Volumetric – 21.0%, T/R Ratio – 1.6
    Eucalyptus wood kitchen cabinet
    Eucalyptus wood kitchen cabinet

    Benefits of Eucalyptus Wood

    • Eucalyptus wood is an affordable alternative to teak wood with similar benefits.
    • It has a natural red color that darkens over time and can last 25 years or more with proper care.
    • Eucalyptus wood is highly resistant to rot and decay due to its high oil content.
    • It provides comfort for the seats and is considered a sustainable wood option that aligns with environmental trends.
    • Most species of eucalyptus trees are native to Australia and comprise about 77% of the country’s forests.
    • Prolonged exposure to cold temperatures can reduce the durability of eucalyptus wood furniture, making it not ideal for colder climates.
    • In winter in such regions, it is best to consider alternative materials or find storage solutions for eucalyptus furniture.

    As you can see, Eucalyptus is a versatile hardwood with lots of benefits.

    But o the other hand, Eucalyptus wood has some drawbacks as well. If you like to know those, read, Disadvantages Of Eucalyptus Wood

    Eucalyptus wood patio furniture
    Eucalyptus wood patio furniture

    Eucalyptus Wood Uses

    Eucalyptus Wood is used for many purposes. Below are some of the uses of Eucalyptus Wood.

    • Eucalyptus hedges 
    • Shade structures
    • Paneling
    • Millwork
    • Support beams

    Now I’m going to share with you tips that I’ve learned by working with Eucalyptus wood for a long time.

    The below tips will help you to get the best out of the wood.

    Tip for working with eucalyptus
    Tip for working with eucalyptus

    Tips for Working with Eucalyptus Hardwood

    Engaging in a project with eucalyptus hardwood can be an exciting endeavor, but it’s one that requires a blend of creativity, skill, and insight.

    I’ve found that understanding the unique characteristics of this hardwood is essential for achieving the desired results.

    Let’s embark on a journey where I share some insightful tips peppered with personal anecdotes on how to work effortlessly with eucalyptus hardwood.

    Understand the Material

    Before you start, make an effort to understand the unique properties of eucalyptus wood.

    Its varying density, strength, and colors, as mentioned in the reference article, can greatly influence your working techniques and the outcome of your project.

    Make sure to select the right species of eucalyptus wood that aligns with your project needs.

    Drying Process

    Eucalyptus wood contains a high amount of moisture. Ensure that the wood is adequately dried to prevent warping and cracking.

    Remember, a well-dried eucalyptus wood can gift you furniture with an impeccable finish, turning your project into a masterpiece.

    Eucalyptus wood dining table
    Eucalyptus wood dining table

    Working with Tools

    Given its hardness, working with sharp tools is imperative to achieve clean cuts and finishes.

    Regularly check and maintain the sharpness of your tools to prevent any snags or uneven finishes.

    Finishing Touches

    When it comes to finishing, eucalyptus wood responds beautifully to various finishes.

    Feel free to experiment with different stains and varnishes to achieve the desired look.

    Don’t forget to protect the wood with a proper sealant to maintain its beautiful appearance over time.

    Eucalyptus wood bookshelf
    Eucalyptus wood bookshelf

    Sustainability and Environmental Friendliness

    Choose eucalyptus wood sourced from sustainable plantations.

    Not only will you be crafting beautiful structures, but you’ll also be contributing towards an eco-friendly environment.

    Dealing with Challenges

    Be prepared to face some challenges along the way, especially when dealing with different species of eucalyptus wood.

    Keep experimenting and learning to hone your skills.

    That’s it folks! Now you know all about, is eucalyptus wood a hardwood with its characteristics, uses, benefits and a lot more.

    Uses of eucalyptus wood
    Uses of eucalyptus wood

    So, let’s answer some frequently asked questions.


    What is the Janka hardness rating of eucalyptus wood?

    Eucalyptus wood has an impressive Janka hardness rating, ranging up to 2370 lbf, showcasing its excellent resistance to wear and tear, making it a preferred choice for flooring and furniture.

    Does eucalyptus wood make good furniture?

    Yes, Absolutely! Eucalyptus wood, with proper drying and finishing techniques, can be transformed into furniture pieces with a splendid finish, combining strength and beauty effortlessly.

    How does eucalyptus wood fare in terms of environmental sustainability?

    Eucalyptus wood stands as an environmentally friendly choice, often being grown in sustainable plantations in Brazil, which support various industries including construction and papermaking.

    Can eucalyptus wood be used for outdoor furniture?

    Yes, eucalyptus wood is a popular choice for outdoor furniture due to its natural resistance to decay and rot, although it’s recommended to shelter it during prolonged periods of cold and damp weather to preserve its durability.

    How does the price of eucalyptus wood compare to other hardwoods?

    Eucalyptus wood is generally available at a price point that is relatively comparable to other hardwoods in the market, offering both quality and affordability to customers.

    Is eucalyptus wood resistant to insects and decay?

    While eucalyptus wood is moderately durable, it can be susceptible to insect attacks and decay over time if not maintained properly, necessitating the use of appropriate preservation techniques.

    What are the visual characteristics of eucalyptus wood?

    Eucalyptus wood sports a beautiful appearance, presenting hues ranging from pink to dark brown, similar to woods like red mahogany or black cherry, and its color tends to deepen over time with proper care.

    Did I cover all you wanted to know about: Is Eucalyptus wood a Hardwood?

    In this article, I’ve deeply discussed Is eucalyptus a hardwood with all its features with expert tips which will help you to decide whether it is suitable for your project.

    Eucalyptus wood is classified as hardwood. It should be noted that the term “hardwood” is primarily a botanical classification and is not based solely on the actual hardness of the wood. Native to Australia, Eucalyptus is popular for its durability and is ideal for a variety of applications such as furniture and flooring.

    Furthermore, I’ve answered some frequently asked questions as well.

    Hope you’ve learned all you wanted to know about is eucalyptus a hardwood with its qualities.

    Now it’s time to go to the practical world and make amazing projects with Eucalyptus. Keep practicing to become a pro at working with this wood!

    Walter Parker is a woodworking enthusiast. He is passionate about woodworking projects & plays with woodworking tools having spent over 2 decades as a leader for Woodworking Planet. He wants to make people love woodworking! Read More About Him! Follow him on Twitter, Facebook and Linkedin.

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