Lacquer is a popular wood finish that mostly uses for high-end furniture and woodwork. Lacquer finish dries fast and provides waterproofing abilities to the wood with an enhanced appearance.
When I was working with lacquer, I was curious about the number of coats of lacquer on wood. So, I did some research and found, How many coats of lacquer on wood?
For best results, apply at least 3 to 5 coats of lacquer on the wood with a brush. Apply 6 to 9 sprayed coats of lacquer on the wood for a nice, and durable finish. Thin coats of lacquer are necessary to avoid drips and sags. Level and rub out lacquer coats and leave 4 to 6 millimeters of film thickness for a better finish.
But that’s a quick snapshot and there’s a lot more to know about how many coats of lacquer on wood.
so, in this article, we’ll explore, how many coats of lacquer should I spray and brush, how many coats of water-based and oil-based lacquer on wood, is one coat of lacquer is enough, how many lacquer coats are required for furniture, cabinets, and floors and more.
Furthermore, I’ll answer some frequently asked questions as well.
Let’s jump in!
New pine flooring, light sand, Stained light oak and 3 coats of lacquer 👊🏼. pic.twitter.com/RXiTFNRLUa— M.A.S FLOORING (@MAS_FLOORING) July 16, 2020
How To Decide Number of Lacquer Coats On Wood?
Deciding the number of lacquer coats on wood is critical because they can vary on several factors.
The required number of lacquer coats on wood depends on the finish material, how much it is thinned, the skill of the finisher, and the finishing process.
When all the lacquer coats are on a level without little less shiny spots you know you’re done.
Here’re some of the main factors that affect the number of lacquer coatings on wood,
- Finishing type – Spray or Brush
- Lacquer is thinned or not
- Temperature and environmental changes
Morning lads,— GtotheP but floors (@gtothepfloors) September 28, 2022
A nice little wood floor sand today!
The boards have been levelled and getting a thorough sand before a coat of lacquer goes down. Then back tomorrow for the final 2 coats.
It’s REALLY brightened the room!
How Finishing Type Affects Number of Lacquer Coats on Wood?
Spraying and brushing are the main finishing types of lacquer. Spraying is more popular than brushing because it gives a nice and ideal outcome.
You need to apply a higher number of lacquer coats on wood when spraying than brushing since spraying lacquer coats is thin.
Having thin lacquer coats is useful to avoid getting white surfaces, drips, and sags.
For example, you need to spray 6 – 9 coats of lacquer, while you need only 3 – 4 coats of brushed lacquer on wood to get the same lacquer thickness on wood.
That means in brushing, you will get thicker lacquer layers than when spraying.
Spraying lacquer coats on wood is popular because they dry faster than brushing and you can get a smooth even finish with ease.
Spray cans require more coatings than openable cans. Basically, 6 – 9 sprays are equal to the 3 -5 brush coats of lacquer.
Applied several coats of oil and lacquer today 💫— Dean Holmes (@DeanH2014) March 22, 2020
These guitars have a very thin profile!
Natural wood grain designs are my favorite! 🎸 pic.twitter.com/Dpbidfq2KS
How Lacquer Thinning Affects the Number of Lacquer Coats on Wood?
By thinning the lacquer solution before spraying, you’ll be able to get thin more transparent lacquer coats with fewer issues like streaks and blotches.
Thin lacquer solution in a 1:1 portion before the application and use it to spray the brush to get a better finish than a regular lacquer finish.
But on the other hand, you will have to apply around 10 coats of thinned lacquer on wood to get the finish you want since thinned lacquer films are thinner than regular ones.
Test thinned lacquer first on scrap wood to get a better understanding of coat amount.
Lacquer is applied in many layers to wood over long period of time: thin layer, cure, polish, another layer etc etc pic.twitter.com/YzpCxXNP8y— Smithsonian (@smithsonian) December 10, 2014
How Temperature and Environmental changes Affect the Number of Lacquer Coats on Wood?
The number of lacquer coats on wood varies on temperature variations, environmental humidity, and other environmental elements.
When the environmental humidity is fewer lacquer coats of wood dry faster and reduce the high amount due to the evaporation of water.
Therefore, you’ll have to apply more lacquer coats if you live in a dry, less humid environment.
Same as, when the environmental humidity is high, lacquer coats take a lot of time to dry and water evaporation is slow.
Therefore, a smaller number of lacquer coats should be applied.
I put a couple of coats of clear lacquer on my side-table. When this dries I think I’ll call this project “done!” pic.twitter.com/zb8jaikva8— The Panic (@ThePanic16) November 15, 2021
How Many Coats of Lacquer Should I Spray?
Spray 6 to 9 coats of lacquer on wood for an ideal finish since sprayed lacquer coats are thinner than the bushed lacquer coats.
You can spray lacquer coats on wood up to 10 coats since sprayed lacquer coats don’t have thick film and they dry quicker than brushed lacquer coats.
Lacquer is a totally different animal compared to varnish. Lacquer burns into itself and is able to provide thin single-layer film even after several coats are sprayed.
Better to test lacquer on scape wood before applying it to the main project to define the exact number of lacquer coats that need to be sprayed on the wood.
I recommend you apply thinner on the lacquer 50:50 ratio to get the original clear coat lacquer finish without lacquer blushing.
Lacquer thinner helps to make thin coats of lacquer with an even finish. Spray 5 to 6 coats of lacquer on the wood after thinning.
Spray lacquer mixed with thinner horizontally to get the help of gravidity to pull the softened finish into a run.
How Many Coats of Lacquer Should I Brush?
For best results apply 3 to 5 coats of lacquer coats when brushing since brushed lacquer coats on the wood are thick and take more time to dry.
When you’re brushing lacquer on wood, dip bush so little on lacquer can and apply along the direction of the wood grain for better absorption and to get a better finish with no streaks and drips.
Brushed lacquer costs need significant waiting time between coats since they dry slowly.
If you apply another coat of lacquer before the previous one dries completely, you’ll probably end up with a tacky never drying surface which can ruin your furniture.
Always test lacquer brushing on scrap wood before heading into the main project to avoid making mistakes and to ideal finish as you wish.
Between each lacquer coating, a light sanding is recommended to remove bumps and surface randomness.
Lightly sand the entire wood once the previous lacquer coat is dried completely with 400 grit sandpaper to get a nice and smooth surface.
After final coating, rub the surface with a lit free tack cloth to remove excess lacquer since the brushing method leaves excess lacquer amounts on the wood.
Bookcase is constructed. Just needs a final sanding and then I get to start the finishing process. Trying out brushing lacquer this time. pic.twitter.com/rui5tsOWyV— Jon Hammack (@JonHammack) September 11, 2020
How Many Coats of Water-Based Lacquer on Wood?
Apply 3 to 4 coats of water-based lacquer on the wood. Water-based lacquer causes no yellowing and gives extra protection and buffing on wood with a smooth shiny surface. It helps to reduce wood imperfections.
Water-based lacquers are water reducible and available in gloss, semi-gloss, flat, and satin finish.
Water-based lacquer dries faster than oil-based lacquer.
Just finished restoring this six seater Indonesian teak table and chairs..stripped..stained and finished with a water based lacquer.. pic.twitter.com/38AMflRfH8— Rob Heine 💔 (@RobPadoa) September 23, 2021
How Many Coats of Oil-Based Lacquer on Wood?
Apply 2 to 3 coats of oil-based lacquer on wood since they take more time to dry than water-based lacquer.
Oil-based lacquer on wood is more durable than water-based lacquer, but it tends to yellow over time.
Regular maintenance is a must with oil-based lacquer since they cause wood discoloration. Oil-based lacquer can be cleaned with mineral spirits.
The reason for having higher durability in oil-based lacquer compared to water-based ones is because of its high level of VOCs amount.
Ultimately you should apply less oil-based lacquer than water-based ones since oil-based lacquer dries slower.
Tung oil on the rough cedar and oil based lacquer on the tops. Each coat brings more detail and/or chemical protection. Flats on the right are unfinished but will get tung oil. #diytwitter #homeproject pic.twitter.com/j5JfC3E8Wv— Bob’s your Uncle (@p8riot) February 2, 2022
Is One Coat of Lacquer Enough?
One coat of lacquer is not enough since lacquer coats are so thin and dry faster and absorb some amount into the wood.
To remain on the surface, you need to apply a minimum of 2 – 3 coats of lacquer on the wood. One coat isn’t sufficient to get the required protection with an enhanced appearance.
Generally, a considerable amount of lacquer from the first coat absorbs into the wood. first coat soaks and seals the wood.
The amount that sits on the surface is so little and they cannot waterproof wood or improve wood sheen.
One coat of lacquer may be enough if the wood surface is small, and you use the brushing method to apply lacquer.
If the surface is large and you’re using the spraying method to apply lacquer, you won’t get the outcome you want. It is just a waste of time and lacquer.
At least 2 to 3 coats of lacquer are required to develop wood sheen with a considerable amount of protection from the outside world.
The second and third lacquer coats are the ones that properly sit on the wood surface to develop a wood sheen with protection.
Otherwise with one coat wood will get damaged from environmental elements like moisture, insect attacks, and UV light.
Applied 12 coats of nitrocellulose lacquer 💫— Dean Holmes (@DeanH2014) July 31, 2020
I let it dry for 3 days then buffed it out to a high shine
I’m using recycled cedar, walnut and maple wood ♻️ pic.twitter.com/w9aHzhYi6f
Actual Number of Coats of Lacquer for Popular Products
The number of coats of lacquer on wood varies on the manufacturer. There’re main 3 types of lacquers: catalyzed, nitrocellulose, and acrylic.
Plus, they can be categorized under water-based lacquer and oil-based lacquer.
The below table indicates the number of lacquer coats you should apply from each brand to get a clear idea about how many coats to apply without messing things up.
|Lacquer product||Number of coats||Waiting time between coats||Best for|
|Deft Interior Clear Wood Finish||5 coats||30 – 60 minutes||Wood furniture, paneling, cabinets|
|Minwax Gloss Brushing Lacquer Spray||3 coats||30 minutes||Furniture, cabinets, trims|
|Rust-Oleum Watco Lacquer Finish||5 coats||30 – 60 minutes||Furniture, doors, paneling, cabinets|
|Deft Interior Clear Wood Finish||5 coats||30 minutes||Furniture|
|Rust-Oleum Lacquer Spray||2 – 3 coats||20 minutes||Furniture, cabinets, paneling|
|PlastiKote Clear Lacquer||3 coats||60 minutes||Outdoor furniture, trims, cabinets|
|Deft Lacquer Sanding Sealer Spray||4 coats||60 minutes||Furniture, cabinets, paneling|
As you can see almost all the lacquer products dries within 30 – 60 minutes and 3 to 5 coats of lacquer is the ideal amount that should apply to wood.
How Many Coats of Lacquer on Furniture?
3 to 5 coats of lacquer spray coats are ideal for furniture when brushing. 6 – 8 lacquer coats are great for lacquer spraying on furniture.
After each coat let it set and dry for about 60 minutes and light sanding is recommended for a smooth finish.
The first two coats work as sealer coats, the other two, three coats are built coats and the last coats are final coats.
When it comes to final coats, previous lacquer coats should be set on furniture very well. End of the project you’ll get a 4-to-6-millimeter thickness of lacquer coat on furniture.
Lacquer protects wood furniture from moisture and prevents rotting and decaying while improving the appearance of the furniture.
Floors looking lovely 😍. A final coat of lacquer tomorrow and then furniture back on Friday morning. 🙂 pic.twitter.com/ghTy8hRynK— Ali Man ✊🏻🇺🇦🇧🇷🇺🇦✊🏻 (@Aliman357) May 19, 2021
How Many Coats of Lacquer on Cabinets?
3 coats of lacquer are recommended on cabinets. The number of lacquer coats on cabinets depends on the number of flaws in cabinet doors.
After 2 – 3 coats you’ll get a nice-looking satin finish on cabinets.
Cabinets are placed in moist environments like kitchens and bathrooms. Therefore, your lacquer coats need to apply all over the cabinet surfaces without missing any spots.
Otherwise, water will penetrate the wood and cause wood to rot internally.
If somehow cabinet doors start to rot after applying lacquer coats, restore the rotted area as soon as possible before reapplying lacquer coats.
One of our stunning birch plywood kitchen drawer units, recently assembled and awaiting two coats of water-based lacquer!— CNC Creations (@CNCCreations3) May 20, 2022
To explore our range of beautiful Birch Plywood kitchens or to select your cabinets simply visit our website!#kitchen #woodworking #Cabinet pic.twitter.com/Gv9JqOmXee
How Many Coats of Lacquer on Wood Floors?
Apply 2 – 3 coats of lacquer on wood floors after applying a primer or sealer for a better finish. Apply water-based lacquer costs to avoid yellowing and for fast drying. Lacquer enhances the sheen of hardwood floors.
Lacquer gives a warm, stunning welcoming appearance to wood floors. Lacquer coats can handle foot traffic well.
With primer two coats of lacquer are more than enough. Without primer 3 coats of lacquer on wood floors are recommended to apply.
That’s it, folks! Now you know how many coats of lacquer on wood.
Let’s answer some frequently asked questions about lacquer on wood.
That’s the floor sanded and the first coat of lacquer down 👀 pic.twitter.com/WX8SxL25H5— GtotheP but floors (@gtothepfloors) May 28, 2022
Do You Have to Sand Between Coats of Lacquer?
Yes, Sanding is recommended between coats of lacquer to get a smooth finish with an enhanced appearance.
Sand lightly with 600 grit – 800 grit sandpaper once the lacquer coat is dried completely.
Sanding is great to get good adhesion between lacquer layers.
Never sand with less than 320 grit sandpaper since they may scratch the lacquer finish and ruin your furniture.
Hand sand along the direction of the wood grain between lacquer coating to minimize mistakes and make sure to remove sawdust with a suitable dust pipe or wipe it off using a rag.
How Long Should You Wait Between Coats of Lacquer?
Wait 60 minutes between coats of lacquer until the previous coat dries completely. But if you live in a humid environment this waiting time may be more than 1 – 2 hours.
Lacquer takes to dry on wood for about 30 minutes. lacquer dries quickly on any softwood or hardwood without considering the wood type.
Lacquer dries so well when applies on bare wood because some amount of lacquer will directly absorb into the wood for fast drying.
Drying is essential between lacquer coats for better absorption and to avoid issues like forming drips and sags.
Plus, it will give an enhanced beautiful look to your furniture or woodwork with an excellent finish.
Did I cover all you wanted to know about: How Many Coats of Lacquer On Wood?
In this article, we have deeply discussed about how many coats of lacquer on wood when spraying and brushing, water-based lacquer coats and oil-based lacquer coats, and the actual number of lacquer coats for popular lacquer products as well.
Three to five coats of lacquer on wood are great on wood to make a waterproofing shield with an enhanced wood appearance.
You will need to apply a higher number of lacquer coats on wood when spraying than when brushing since brushing gives you thicker coats that take more time to dry.
Furthermore, I’ve answered some frequently asked questions as well.
Hope you have gained good knowledge about lacquer coats and got the answer for the hot topic of how many coats of lacquer on wood.
Try to use a lacquer finish on your next woodworking project and see how lacquer coat protects wood from environmental elements. Keep practicing!