If you are interested in woodworking, all of us love to work with different woods. Some of them are common, but some aren’t. Cottonwood is one of them. But for beginners who started working with cottonwood, it’s common to wonder, is cottonwood good for woodworking?
Here’s what I know from working with cottonwood:
Yes. But not 100% recommended. Cottonwood is good for some woodworking mainly because of its lightweight, lack of taste, and odor. Cottonwood use for making boxes, crates, fencing, children’s toys, and many more.
But that’s just a quick snapshot of the question. Of course, this is dependent on the type of cottonwood you go with, though.
We have to consider the strength, stability, workability, and texture of wood that going to use before making some special furniture for our house. So, we need to have good knowledge about every aspect of cottonwood before starting to work with it.
So, in this article, we’ll examine all the factors you should consider before taking cottonwood for your woodworking project. More importantly, we’ll talk about what are the woodworks that go and don’t go well with cottonwood as well.
Let’s get going.
Is Cottonwood good for Furniture?
Many people think cottonwood is not particularly strong for furniture and hard to make a clean cut. Actually, that’s partially true. But there are some types of cottonwood use to build furniture rather than being useless.
Cottonwood is popular for making carvings, interior furniture parts, kitchen utensils such as cutting boards and spoons. In industry, cottonwood is used to make low-priced furniture such as fruit baskets, boxes, and an outdoor firepit. Cottonwood has similar properties and applications as basswood.
Because of its lightweight cottonwood is perfect for children’s toys and thin stock to adapt perfectly to stenciled or painted scroll saw projects.
Cottonwood has the ability to hold printing inks better than most woods on the market, because of that they use to make shipping labels and logos.
Given below some advantages and disadvantages of using cottonwood for woodworking.
|Lightweight||Weak in bending|
|No odor when dry||Strength is low|
|No taste||fuzzy surface|
|Good for carving||Require additional finishing|
|Easy to work with||Susceptible to insect attack|
|Nail holding ability||Not resistant to decay|
|Deteriorate quickly if wet|
|Hard to sand and stain|
However, I highly recommend you not to use cottonwood for Indoor household furniture if you have better options like maple, oak, birch. Because the strength is low and it is very soft and stringy. In the world of woodworking, cottonwood is known as junk wood as far as its beauty and strength.
Tip – After years of working with cottonwood, I found that you can eliminate the fuzz by sanding from 100, 150, and then with 220grit. Also, make sure to sand the wood between three coats of salad bowl finish. Finally, you can achieve a very smooth surface with no fuzz at all.
Characteristics of Cottonwood
Color and texture: Grayish white to light brown. Discolor easily because of oxidation and fungal stain. Small porosity can be seen.
Odor: Odorless when dry, but when wet smell like trash.
Taste: No taste
Workability: workability is god because it’s lightweight, But can tear easily. When cutting the wood fuzzy surface can appear. Blades and tools need to be sharp to get correct angles. Otherwise, you need to do additional work for finishing. Glues, nails are fine to work with cottonwood and dries easily.
Durability: Less and can decay easily. Very low water resistivity. But better than pressboard.
Drying: Dry quickly.
Strength: strength is low because of its low density. The wood will not split when nailed close to the end.
Types of Cottonwood & Applications
There are main 2 types of Cottonwood which have various applications. For example, eastern cottonwood has better strength and black cottonwood have a good smell likewise. You can select the cottonwood as you wish according to your region.
I have research more about types of cottonwood and their applications, which are tabled below.
|Type of cottonwood||Region||Application|
|Eastern cottonwood (Populus Deltoides)||Native to North America.|
Can found in Nebraska,
Kansas, Wyoming, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico
Interior parts of furniture,
High-grade pulp for paper production,
Core stock in plywood,
|Black Cottonwood (Populus Nigra)||Native to Europe. |
Can found in Asia, Africa, different parts of the US
|Interior panels, |
Cottonwood for Carving
Cottonwood is great to carve in. It is a softwood because the carving is super easy and also, you have to be careful when handling. Usually, cottonwood bark is much easier to carve than the wood itself, because of its consistency. Your tools need to be sharp. Native Americans mostly design their Kachina dolls from cottonwood roots.
both black and eastern cottonwood bark is very nice to carve when you remove the outside layers. But you should be careful because stop cuts will tear and not cut and the cutting is not easy as regular woods. You can carve beautiful Indian heads, folk figures, wood spirits, Jayhawks, fairy houses from cottonwood bark. But they are so fragile and break off easily. Cottonwood is considered as one of the best woods for mask making along with basswood because of its lightweight, workability, and less expensiveness.
When selecting good cottonwood for your carving, make sure it is not very porous or punky and no fungal infections or physical damage. Porous, punky wood good only for practice, but when we keep going with carving there is a possibility to wreck it into pieces, because of its porosity and they will decay so easily. For long-lasting carving, you need to select less porous cottonwood.
If you’re a beginner with cottonwood, my suggestion is to get a bit of advice from an expert before selecting cottonwood for carving, because it needs so much practical experience and knowledge from selecting a quality wood and keep going, because of its undesirable qualities. According to my personal experience, Cottonwood is one of the nearest things to a weed-grown as a tree.
Meet Renferd Koruh: sculptor at the Prescott Indian Art Market. Renferd creates contemporary Katsina dolls from cottonwood root. His carving technique begins with small knives, and then moves to a rotary tool to create textures. See his work at #PIAM, July 13-14 at the Museum! pic.twitter.com/eSX20mdDz8— Sharlot Hall Museum (@sharlothall) June 24, 2019
Finishing cottonwood projects is a common issue you will face, once you make something beautiful with cottonwood but it isn’t very shiny even after sanding and achieving a nice and smooth surface. Most people try to apply raw linseed oil to get the shiny surface but finally, they come up with forming dry spots on the outside when the oil is disappearing.
If you have a woodworking project of cottonwood that require finishing, I suggest you get enough oil to cover the whole surface and let it stand for about 15 minutes, and dry in a warm dry place until the oil hardens. Keep the woodwork for at least a day (24 hours). After that, I suggest you add another coat to get the glossiness you want. Repeat this 4-5 times to get the maximum high glossy surface.
To polish the surface, wait at least a week or longer, this will also give you high gloss.
If you have already messed up the finishing part, re-sand the entire surface and start from the beginning.
This is the proper method I apply for the finishing of all my cottonwood woodworking projects.
Did I cover All You Wanted to Know About Is Cottonwood Good for Woodworking?
We learned about more than cottonwood in today’s article.
We talked about the advantages and disadvantages of using cotton for woodworking and the types of woodworking projects you can go with cottonwood.
We went over types of cottonwood and why cottonwood use for carving and its workability as well.
On top of that, we even dug deep to find the perfect finishing method for your cottonwood woodworking projects!
Remember, cottonwood woodworks are one of the lightest weights and inexpensive in the market, always do research before using cottonwood according to your woodworking plan.
Always be safe when woodworking, and always enjoy the woodwork you make!