Is Honey Locust A Hardwood? (How hard is Honey Locust?)

is honey locust a hardwood

Honey Locust is a popular wood in many woodworking projects including making furniture, flooring, fence posts, tool handles, and many more.

When I was first working with Honey Locust, I was curious about its hardness since I was surprised by its excellent workability.

I did some research to find out how hard Honey Locust wood is. So, let’s discuss, Is Honey Locust a hardwood

Yes, Honey Locust is a hardwood with high density, strength, and decay resistance. Honey Locust has a Janka hardness rating of 1,580 lbf (7,030 N). Honey Locust comes from an evergreen hardwood tree. It can use for many domestic and industrial applications because of being hard, dense, and strong.

But there’s more to know about the hardness of Honey Locust.

In this article, we’ll explore whether is Honey Locust a hardwood and how hard Honey Locust is by considering its characteristic features with uses.

Furthermore, I’ll answer some frequently asked questions as well.

Just keep reading!

How Hard Is Honey Locust?

Honey Locust is undoubtedly one of the hardest woods on the planet. Therefore, it can use for almost any domestic and industrial woodworking project without worrying about density and strength.

Honey Locust is harder than some popular hardwoods like Ash, Beech, Hard Maple, Oak, and Walnut. But it is softer than Hickory.

Janka hardness test is the standard method of testing the hardness of any wood considering its resistance to wear and shear.

If a particular wood has high wear and shear resistance, that means it has a high Janka hardness rating.

According to that, Honey Locust has a Janka hardness rating of 1,580 lbf (7,030 N) which is harder than many hardwoods and softwoods.

Because of having high hardness, Honey Locust is extremely durable and tough.

Being tough is not too good for woodworking tools since they will blunt and damage pretty quickly.

Honey Locust has good decay and rot resistance. Penetration of water molecules into the Honey Locust wood is difficult since it has high density.

Honey Locust is equipped with vessels, pores, and elements that are unique for hardwoods. It has a ring porous structure with a mostly straight grain pattern.

Honey Locust is also coming from evergreen, deciduous trees like other hardwoods with no tyloses inside.

Basically, Honey Locust can be used for indoor and outdoor woodworking projects and furniture making with no issues because of having excellent hardness and density.

According to the Janka hardness test, the honey locust has a hardness rating of 1,580 lbf (7,030 N).

In order to get a better idea of the hardness of honey locust, you need to see the hardness of other popular woods as well.

Refer below the comparison chart to see how hard Honey Locust is compared to other popular woods,

Wood speciesHardness value
Brazilian Walnut3,684 lbf (16,390 N)
Red Mahogany, Turpentine2,697 lbf (12,000 N)
Brazilian Cherry, Jatoba2,350 lbf (10,500 N)
Golden Teak2,330 lbf (10,400 N)
Hickory, Pecan, Satinwood1,820 lbf (8,100 N)
Honey Locust1,580 lbf (7,030 N)
Hard Maple, Sugar Maple1,450 lbf (6,400 N)
White Oak1,360 lbf (6,000 N)
Ash (White)1,320 lbf (5,900 N)
American Beech1,300 lbf (5,800 N)
Red Oak (Northern)1,290 lbf (5,700 N)
Yellow Birch / Baltic Birch1,260 lbf (5,600 N)
Teak1,155 lbf (5,140 N)
Black Walnut, North American Walnut1,010 lbf (4,500 N)
Cherry995 lbf (4,430 N)
Black Cherry, Imbuia950 lbf (4,200 N)
Red Maple950 lbf (4,200 N)
Mahogany800 lbf (3,558 N)
Douglas Fir710 lbf (3,158 N)
Silver Maple700 lbf (3,100 N)
Alder590 lbf (2,624 N)
Hemlock540 lbf (2,402 N)
Black Spruce520 lbf (2,313 N)
Sitka Spruce510 lbf (2,268 N)
Cypress510 lbf (2,268 N)
White Spruce480 lbf (2,135 N)
Redwood420 lbf (1,868 N)
Engelmann Spruce390 lbf (1,735 N)
Sugar Pine380 lbf (1,690 N)

As you can see Honey Locust is extremely hard and durable compared to most other woods. It is placed well above most woods we usually use in the hardness comparison chart.

Let’s see the characteristic features of Honey Locust as a durable hardwood.

Honey Locust Characteristics

Honey Locust wood has a medium to reddish brown color with an extremely dense and strong fiber structure.

Because of being so dense, environmental moisture won’t penetrate well into the interior wood surface and this helps to protect Honey Locust from decaying and rotting.

But under extreme environmental conditions, Honey Locust may rot over time, and restoration with quality products like Flex Seal is recommended.

Even though Honey Locust is a hardwood, nailing, painting, screwing, staining and finishing are so much easy.

You can use Tung oil, Danish oil, or any other oil finish or lacquer or varnish to seal Honey Locust with an attractive look. It holds finishes so well.

But when it comes to workability, Honey Locust is not many users friendly because woodworking hand tools and power tools may get damaged or blunt due to high density.

But on the positive side, because of being so hard, durable, dense, and attractive, Honey Locust able to use for both interior and exterior woodworking projects.

Because of having good water resistance and moderate durability, Honey Locust is able to use for outdoor woodworking projects like fences, and patio furniture with no issues.

Honey Locust is lighter than white Oak and Hickory. It has similar mechanical properties as red Oak which is another great hardwood species.

Honey Locust doesn’t shrink or expand too much under temperature and humidity fluctuations due to high weather resistance as dense hardwood.

This makes Honey Locust keep from warping and cracking due to environmental changes. Overall, Honey Locust has high dimensional stability than many other kinds of wood.

In summary, here’re the top characteristic qualities of Honey Locust,

  • Hardwood
  • No characteristic odor
  • High decay resistance
  • Moderate durability
  • Attractive
  • High density
  • Poor workability
  • Excellent finishing properties
  • Susceptible to insect attacks

Here’re the main characteristic features of Honey Locust,

ColorMedium to light Reddish brown
Density670 kg/m3
Wood TypeHardwood
Hardness1,580 lbf (7,030 N)
ApplicationsFlooring, Fencing, Furniture making

Because of having excellent characteristic qualities as a hardwood, Honey Locust is widely used for many domestic and industrial large woodworking projects.

So, let’s have a look at some advantages and disadvantages of Honey Locust as a hardwood.

Pros and Cons Of Honey Locust

ProsCons
High densityPoor workability
High hardnessProne to insect attacks
Decay resistantPoor availability
Weather resistanceModerately expensive
Attractive 
Great to use as a firewood 

 As you can see Honey Locust has lots of benefits and it is an underrated wood in the woodworking world.

Let’s see some uses of Honey Locust as a hardwood.

What Is Honey Locust Used For?

As a dense hardwood, Honey Locust can literally use for any project. It has good resistance against environmental elements as well.

Having high environmental resistance is especially important for outdoor furniture.

Here’re some common uses of Honey Locust as a hardwood,

  • Furniture making
  • Fences making
  • Paneling
  • Constructions
  • Turned objects
  • Wood stove
  • Firewood
  • Tool handles

It can basically use for anything.

How Strong Is Honey Locust?

Honey Locust is one of the strongest woods on the planet due to its high hardness and density. It has significantly high compressive strength and bending strength compared to other woods.

Honey Locust is heavy and they can withstand high forces. Therefore, you can use Honey Locust for applications that carry heavy loads without losing their stability.

The compressive strength and bending strength of Honey Locust are as follows,

  • The compressive strength of Honey Locust is 51.7 Mpa
  • The bending strength of Honey Locust is 101.4 Mpa

The small pin knots of Honey Locust which are attached to the trunk increases the mechanical strength of the wood.

Overall, Honey Locust strength is comparable to Red Oak’s. Honey Locust is very strong is bending and durable when in contact with the surface.

This is why Honey Locust is popular in making fences. It has excellent strength, toughness, and high impact resistance to keep the wood stable for so long.

That’s it, folks! You learned a lot about the hot question, is Honey Locust a hardwood throughout this article.

So, let’s answer some frequently asked questions as well.

Is Honey Locust Harder Than Oak?

Yes, Honey Locust is harder than Oak. Both Red Oak and White Oak are softer than Honey Locust.

But in reality, Honey Locust is almost the same hard as Oakwood. However, Oakwood can easily replace with Honey Locust apart from its poor availability.

According to the Janka hardness values, Honey Locust and Oak hardness is as follows,

Wood TypeHardness
Honey Locust1, 580 lbf
Red Oak1,290 lbf
White Oak1,360 lbf

Can You Use Honey Locust For Cutting Boards?

Yes, you can use Honey Locust for cutting boards since it is a non-toxic hardwood with excellent durability.

But on the other hand, Honey Locust is too dense to take abuse with knife edges.

Overall Honey Locust is a food-safe wood you can use for cutting boards, butcher blocks, kitchen utensils, bowls, and other items.

Is Honey Locust Hard To Split?

Honey Locust is super easy to split since it is a hardwood with straight wood grain. Therefore, you can split Honey Locusts easily and use them for firewood since they dry more quickly than other woods.

Use a splitting axe or maul to split Honey Locust with ease. Using unsharpened tools to split Honey Locust is not recommended since wood is too dense and your tools may easily get damaged or blunt.

Is Honey Locust Harder Than Hickory?

Hickory is harder than Honey Locust. Hickory is considered one of the hardest wood among domestic woods and it is stronger, tougher, and live longer than Honey Locust.

Hickory has good shock resistance and good dent resistance than Honey Locust.

According to the Janka hardness values, Honey Locust and Hickory hardness is as follows,

Wood TypeHardness
Honey Locust1, 580 lbf
Hickory1,820 lbf

Did I cover all you wanted to know about: Is Honey Locust A Hardwood?

In this article, we have deeply discussed, is Honey Locust a hardwood and how hard Honey Locust is by considering its properties, pros, and cons with its uses.

Honey Locust is a hardwood is excellent strength, density, and durability. It is stronger than Ash, Hard Maple, Oak, and many other hardwoods as well. because of being so hard, Honey Locust has good decay resistance and it is able used for both indoor and outdoor applications.

Furthermore, I’ve answered some frequently asked questions as well.

Hope you have gained good knowledge about, is Honey Locust a hardwood with its qualities.

Try to use Honey Locust for your next woodworking project and experience its hardness and how useful Honey Locust is for projects.

Happy woodworking with Honey Locust!

Walter Parker is a woodworking enthusiast. He is passionate about woodworking projects & plays with woodworking tools having spent over 2 decades as a leader for Woodworking Planet. He wants to make people love woodworking! Read More About Him!

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