Vinyl is a polymeric material that makes due to the polymerization reactions between vinyl chloride. The scientific name of vinyl is polyvinyl chloride which is a product that we use in DIY projects.
You can decorate wood signs, upcycle old furniture and make wooden toys and blocks using vinyl. Working with vinyl is super easy.
Putting vinyl on wood can be challenging if you didn’t handle it correctly. Especially if the wood is stained.
So, let’s find out why Vinyl won’t stick to stained wood and how to fix it.
Vinyl won’t stick to stained wood when using the wrong type of vinyl, putting vinyl before the stain dried, applying vinyl too fast or too slow, vinyl is too sticky, not pressing down the vinyl, and when the surface is not clean. To fix the Vinyl won’t stick to stained add a polycrylic coat on stained wood and apply the vinyl.
There’s more to know about fixing vinyl won’t stick to stained wood properly.
So, in this article, we’ll explore, why vinyl won’t stick to stained wood and how to fix vinyl won’t stick to stained wood with tips.
Furthermore, I’ll answer some frequently asked questions as well.
Just keep reading!
Why Is Vinyl Put On Stained Wood?
Vinyl put on stained wood is to design the wood.
Most of the time designing part is done by crafters and they use viny to design wooden signs, jewelry, furniture, design wood carvings, and stencils.
You can get the color you preferred easily and design it as you want with vinyl. Vinyl comes in different colors and patterns. Using vinyl is super easy on wood. Better than paint.
Applying vinyl on stained wood is highly recommended since the surface needs to be super smooth and flat. The surface needs to be slick to provide a good base for the vinyl.
When the wood is staining, we clean, and sand the wood to make it smoother before staining. This is why vinyl sticks well on the stained wood surface than unfinished wood.
Yes, you can stain wood without sanding and Heat transfer vinyl is ok with it.
Adding a layer of stain help to create a smooth surface that your vinyl products love to stick.
Plus, vinyl increases the durability of stained wood. You don’t have to wait till the vinyl dries like many other finishes including paint, varnish, etc.
Vinyl can be used on both indoor and outdoor DIY crafting projects. Vinyl has the ability to transfer fine details of design from one layer to another without losing a single bit of its quality.
That’s why crafters and designers love to use vinyl over any other finish when designing wood.
What Kind Of Vinyl Do You Use On Stained Wood?
Not all types of vinyl stick well on stained wood. Some vinyl types love to stick with stained wood, but some don’t.
Generally, vinyl sticks better with water-based stained wood surfaces than oil-based stained wood surfaces. This is because there’s an oily residue on the oil-based stained wood surface and that makes the vinyl lift from the surface.
There’re main two types of vinyl that love to stick on stained wood. They are,
- Heat Transfer Vinyl (HTV)
- Adhesive Vinyl
Let’s discuss each of the above vinyl types and how they work on stained wood.
Heat Transfer Vinyl
Heat transfer vinyl (HTV) is the best vinyl you should use on stained wood since it sticks even though the wood hasn’t been sanded.
It is also known as iron-on vinyl which is a heat-activated adhesive that uses iron to stick onto the surface. HTV apply on wood using a heat press.
You can use HTV on stained wood, painted wood, untreated and raw wood as well. But the surface needs to be super clean.
Heat transfer vinyl (HTV) is able applied on wood surfaces even if they are not super smooth. HTV sticks well with surfaces with light stain film.
HTV takes more time to apply than regular vinyl due to easy press and other techniques.
HTV is more expensive than regular vinyl but you don’t need to have transfer tape when using HTV. Therefore, it’s more cost-efficient than the regular ones.
Heat transfer vinyl has better adhesive properties than regular vinyl. You don’t have to seal it.
Heat transfer vinyl works well even if the surface is rough. It acts just like paint.
HTV comes in different colors, patterns, and forms including liquid metallic and glitter.
Adhesive vinyl also sticks well on the stained surface. Adhesive vinyl is also known as sticky vinyl which is considered permanent vinyl.
I highly recommend sealing the wood before applying adhesive vinyl directly on stained wood since the oily residue on the stain may lift the adhesive vinyl from the wood surface.
Seal the wood with water-based polycrylic and let it dries and cures. Then apply adhesive vinyl with good adhesion.
Or you can directly apply adhesive vinyl on water-based stained wood since there’s no oily residue as oil-based stained wood.
You should apply adhesive vinyl with the first attempt after peeling the back of your transfer tape since it is unremovable.
Transfer tape makes the process easier to get the back paper to the stained wood surface with the design intact.
Why Won’t My Vinyl Stick To Stained Wood?
Generally, vinyl loves to stick on stained wood since the surface is already smooth and stain provides a good base for vinyl to stick.
But not all the vinyl types stick well on stained wood.
Here’re some possible reasons why vinyl won’t stick to stained wood,
- Using the wrong type of vinyl
- When the stained surface is rough
- Due to oil residue on stained wood
- Applying vinyl before the stain gets dried
- Going too fast or too slow
- Vinyl transfer tape is too sticky
- When not pressing down the vinyl
- Due to sap and moisture on the surface
- Due to dust and dirt on the surface
Most of the above reasons can be easily fixed by using handling vinyl correctly and by using the correct types of vinyl and stain products. Simple as that!
So, let’s discuss each of the above reasons that cause vinyl won’t stick to stained wood and try to find ways to overcome this issue.
How To Fix Vinyl Won’t Stick On Stained Wood?
Vinyl won’t stick on stained wood mainly because of not following the correct procedure when applying.
I’ve seen many people who make things messed up blindly without knowing the root cause for the vinyl won’t stick on the stained surface issue. That’s just a waste of time and money.
Here’re the main methods you can use to fix vinyl won’t stick on stained wood,
- Use the correct type of vinyl
- Sand and smooth the surface well before staining
- Using water-based stain instead of oil-based stain
- Apply polycrylic coat over stained wood
- Apply vinyl after the stain is dried and cured
- Apply vinyl at an average speed
- Avoid using vinyl transfer tape too sticky
- Press down the vinyl using a squeegee
- Remove sap and moisture before adding vinyl
- Clean the surface before adding vinyl
By following the above methods you’ll not face vinyl won’t stick on stained wood issues.
Let’s discuss each of the above fixes in detail to apply vinyl correctly on stained wood.
1. Use the Correct Type Of Vinyl
Heat transfer vinyl (HTV) and adhesive vinyl are the two vinyl variants that stick well on stained wood.
With the wrong type of vinyl won’t stick well with stained wood even if the surface is super smooth. You’ll not be able to get the desired outcome by using the wrong types of vinyl on stained wood.
Adhesive vinyl is sticky, and you can cut the design you want and apply it on stained wood by peeling off the backing tape and pulling off the transfer paper. Press the adhesive vinyl firmly to adhere well onto the stained wood surface.
Heat transfer vinyl (HTV) is not sticky as adhesive vinyl and it applies on stained wood using an iron or heat press. Heat transfer vinyl is like paint and gives thinner look than adhesive vinyl.
Even though both HTV and adhesive vinyl stick well on stained wood, HTV is better since it is able to be applied on stained wood even if the surface is rough.
2. Sand and Smooth the Surface Well Before Staining
You can stain wood with or without sanding the wood surface. Most people tend to sand the wood before staining since sanding helps the stain to stick well onto the wood.
Sanding helps to remove the roughness of the wood making it smooth and giving an even look. Vinyl doesn’t love to stick to rough, hard surfaces.
But as we discussed, heat transfer vinyl (HTV) does stick on rough surfaces. But when the surface is too rough and has lots of bumps you won’t get the desired finish you want.
By sanding you can make the wood surface smooth and even with no bumps since vinyl won’t stick well onto jagged, bowed, unfinished textured wood.
sanding is a must to get a super smooth flat surface that vinyl sticks well.
3. Use Water-Based Stain Instead Of Oil-Based Stain
Vinyl sticks well on both oil-based and water-based stained wood.
But, Oil based stain may leave oil residue on the stained wood surface over time and this oil residue make vinyl lift from the stained surface and ruin the appearance of your design.
The vinyl film will decay and peel off due to this oil residue.
But water-based stain does not leave an oily residue on the surface like oil-based stain and vinyl stick with water-based stained wood better and stay longer with a nice wood appearance.
Therefore, apply water-based stain on wood, if you’re willing to apply vinyl in the future.
Or you can remove the oil residue on oil-stained wood before applying vinyl by cleaning the surface with alcohol.
When the oil residue is completely gone, you’re good to apply vinyl on stained wood.
4. Apply Polycrylic Coat Over Stained Wood
Apply a polycrylic coat on stained wood to seal it before adding vinyl. Vinyl stick so much better on polycrylic coated wood than stained wood.
Stained wood leaves an oil residue over time that lifts up the vinyl and destroys the wood’s appearance.
But by adding an extra coat of polycrylic over stained wood, the wood gets sealed and the polycrylic coat is a good base for the vinyl to stick.
Seal the wood well with polycrylic to avoid vinyl from coming up over time.
After applying a polycrylic coat over stained wood, let it dry for 24 hours and apply vinyl when the surface is fully dried and cured.
Apply polycrylic sealer on wood in a well-ventilated area for fast and efficient drying. Good air circulation helps acrylic coats to dry faster.
When the acrylic paint is completely dry, apply vinyl on top of that to stick well onto the stained wood surface.
This is better than staining wood with water-based stain since most of the stained products are oil-based and vinyl love to stick with polycrylic over stain surface.
5. Apply Vinyl After The Stain Is Dried and Cured
Never apply vinyl on the stained surface directly after staining it. Letting the stain dry and cure fully is important to stick vinyl well onto the surface.
Vinyl doesn’t stick well on a wet stained surface. After applying the stain let it dry and cure for at least 24 hours before applying vinyl.
Always check the status of the surface before applying vinyl since applying vinyl on a wet stained surface will ruin the wood’s appearance by bubbling the vinyl.
Freshly applied stain releases volatile organic compounds (VOC) that react with vinyl and loses their ability to stick on the surface.
6. Never Apply Vinyl Too Fast Or Too Slow – Use Average Speed
When you’re applying heat transfer vinyl. (HTV) on stained wood, it is important to give provide enough time to transfer heat to the vinyl to adhere well to the surface.
If you try to apply vinyl to a task on stained wood, it won’t get enough time to transfer heat.
If you apply heat transfer vinyl extremely slowly, the vinyl will completely ruin due to the excessive heat, or it might burn.
Do the application of vinyl on stained wood with an average time by providing enough amount of time to transfer the heat.
7. Avoid Using Vinyl Transfer Tape Too Sticky
When you’re applying adhesive vinyl on a stained surface, the design might come off transfer tape since it is too sticky. Therefore, make sure to select a transfer tape that is not too sticky.
When the transfer tape is too sticky, it will not stick well onto the stained wood since vinyl remains on the tape for so long.
You’ll have to waste so much time smoothing and rubbing the transfer tape down.
Here’re some fixes you can do when the vinyl transfer tape is too sticky,
- Leave the decal on stained wood and wait for 20 minutes to let the adhesive vinyl stick well onto the surface. After that try to remove the transfer tape from the surface and check whether the vinyl transferred to the stained wood completely.
- Use adhesive vinyl with different transfer tape which is not too sticky
- De-stick tape before using it on stained wood. Try to stick transfer tape to soft cloths, fuzzy jeans, and blankets to reduce the stickiness of the transfer tape before applying it on stained wood. they apply it on wood after removing any fibers that stick to it.
8. Press Down the Vinyl Using A Squeegee
You cannot apply vinyl on stained wood without putting effort to press down it to the surface. Hands are not enough to adhere the vinyl onto the stained wood like normal stickers.
Even though vinyl sticks well on stained wood, it will not stick when you’re not pressing it down by smoothing it.
After applying vinyl on stained wood, use a squeegee to press it down on the back to transfer the vinyl evenly and smoothly on the surface.
If you didn’t press down or press down vinyl only using your hands, you’ll probably end up with half of the design on the stained wood with an ugly appearance.
Hard, even pressing is a must to get what you want from vinyl design especially when designing wood signs.
9. Remove Sap And Moisture Before Adding Vinyl
When you’re applying vinyl on stained wood, make sure there’s no sap or moisture on the surface.
Sap and moisture interrupt the adhesion properties of vinyl and prevent it from sticking to the stained wood.
Therefore, remove sap and moisture from the stained wood surface before applying vinyl to it to gain good adhesion between surfaces.
You can remove sap and moisture from the stained wood surface by heating or wiping with a clean tack cloth.
However, keep the stained wood dry and clean before applying vinyl with no residue.
10. Clean The Surface Before Adding Vinyl
Dust, debris, and dirt on stained wood surfaces block the adhesion between the vinyl and stained wood.
Therefore, remove any dust, dirt, debris, grease, and residue on the wood surface before applying vinyl to stick them well.
Clean the wood surface properly using a clean tack cloth. Or you can use a proper dust collection pipe system to remove dust on the surface.
Dust and splinters should not interfere with vinyl.
Keep the area clean during the process since dust may trap between the vinyl and stained wood surfaces and ruin the wood’s appearance.
That’s it, folks! This is how you should fix vinyl won’t stick to stained wood.
Make those simple corrections to make vinyl stick to stained wood with awesome results in the end.
Let’s answer some frequently asked questions.
How To Get Vinyl To Stick To Painted Wood?
Generally, vinyl sticks well with painted wood.
You can get the vinyl to attach to the painted wood by painting a thin layer of polycrylic coat over the painted surface.
After applying the polycrylic coat on the painted surface let it dry and cure for 24 hours.
Then apply vinyl over the polycrylic coat. polycrylic coat is a good base for vinyl to stick well onto the surface.
Will Permanent Vinyl Stick To Stained Wood?
Yes, permanent vinyl sticks to stained wood. First, you need to clean the surface and apply a polycrylic coat over the stained wood.
The Polycrylic layer works as the base for the vinyl to stick. After applying polycrylic let it dry for 24 hours and apply vinyl over it.
You can directly apply vinyl over water-based stained wood since it does not release oil residue as oil-based stained wood.
The oil residue that releases by oil-based stain lifts the vinyl and reduces its adhesive properties of it.
Therefore, by sealing it with polycrylic you’ll be able to make the surface ready to get attached to the vinyl film.
Will Mod Podge Help Vinyl Stick On Wood?
Yes, Mod Podge helps vinyl stick on wood. Mod Podge works as a sealer to protect the wood from moisture and weather elements.
Mod Podge seals the painted, stained, or untreated wood and works as the base for vinyl to stick. Apply Mod Podge to prepare the surface to stick the vinyl layer.
You also use Mod Podge to seal the wood after applying vinyl to protect stickers from wear, tear, and weather elements.
How Do You Get Vinyl Letters To Stick To Stained Wood?
You can get vinyl letters to stick to stained wood by applying a polycrylic coat over the stained surface after cleaning the stained wood properly.
The polycrylic layer helps vinyl to stick well onto the stained wood.
Make sure to remove sawdust, dirt, grease, debris, and oil residue from stained wood before applying vinyl. Otherwise, the wood’s appearance will be ruined.
Did I cover all you wanted to know about: Vinyl Won’t Stick To Stained Wood
In this article we have deeply discussed, why vinyl won’t stick to stained wood and how to fix vinyl won’t stick to stained wood effectively without wasting time and money with all the possible fixing techniques.
To fix vinyl won’t stick to stained wood, use heat transfer vinyl (HTV) or adhesive vinyl on stained wood. First, let the stained wood dry and cure. Then, clean the surface and apply a polycrylic coat over stained wood as the base for the vinyl to adhere. Finally, apply vinyl on stained wood easily.
Furthermore, I’ve answered some frequently asked questions as well.
Hope you learned every action you need to take when vinyl won’t stick to stained wood with practical examples.
Try to make beautiful designs using vinyl on stained wood as a DIYer to improve your woodworking skills.