Apple wood is used for making tool handles, furniture, decorative items, and small woodworking projects. It is great for woodcarving projects.
When I was working with apple wood for the first time, I was curious about its hardness and did deep research of finding details of its hardness.
So, let’s discuss, Is apple wood a hardwood?
Yes, apple wood is a hardwood that comes from deciduous trees. Apple wood has a Janka hardness rating of 1,730 lbf (7,700 N) which is significantly harder, denser, and more durable than many other hardwood species. Apple wood is a hard, tough, and durable wood. Apple hardwood can be used for making furniture and other woodwork.
But that’s a quick snapshot and there’s a lot more to know about the hardness of apple wood.
In this article, we’ll explore is apple wood a hardwood, how hard apple wood is compared to other wood types, characteristics of apple wood with its pros and cons.
Furthermore, I’ll answer some frequently asked questions as well.
Just keep reading!
New work:— Art D. (@ADrauglis) December 8, 2021
Wood (Apple, cherry)
19” h by 11” by 14”
How Hard Is Apple?
Apple wood is harder, denser, and tougher than most woods you’ve worked with. It is known as one of the hardest wood types on the planet.
Having a strong and denser fiber structure with excellent dimensional stability is the reason for its great hardness.
Apple wood has a Janka hardness rating of 1,730 lbf (7,700N) which is a stunning hardness value. It is harder than Ash, Honey Locust, Walnut, and Oak.
Janka hardness rating is the standard method of measuring the hardness of wood according to its resistance against wear and shear.
If a particular wood has excellent resistance against wear and shear, that means its Janka hardness rating is high.
Because of being harder and denser with excellent durability, most woodworkers love to work with apple wood, especially when making furniture.
You’ll be able to keep apple wood furniture for so long even with little maintenance because of its high density since having high hardness and density is so useful to get protected from environmental elements.
But you’ll have to apply a proper sealant on apple wood furniture especially before keeping them outside since it doesn’t have good rot or confusing decay resistance.
It doesn’t have a straight-grain structure like most hardwoods.
Apple wood has a diffuse porous structure with very small porosity in its wood fibers. Having small porous is the main reason for having a high-density value.
Being so hard and dense can be super annoying when working with apple wood since it is so hard to cut, drill or nail apple wood due to its high density.
But it glues, turns, and finishes well.
Apple wood is heavier than many softwoods and some hardwoods as well.
Apple!#apple #immcologne #wood #table #tradeshow #cologne pic.twitter.com/YEqSwmOsG9— YaskWorld (@YaskWorld) January 19, 2016
Apple wood has a Janka hardness rating of 1,730 lbf (7,700 N) which is super high.
But you need to have a clear understating of how hard apple wood is especially compared to other woods. That’s why we drew a hardness comparison table as below.
|Wood Species||Hardness value|
|Brazilian Walnut||3,684 lbf (16,390 N)|
|Red Mahogany, Turpentine||2,697 lbf (12,000 N)|
|Brazilian Cherry, Jatoba||2,350 lbf (10,500 N)|
|Golden Teak||2,330 lbf (10,400 N)|
|Hickory, Pecan, Satinwood||1,820 lbf (8,100 N)|
|Apple wood||1,730 lbf (7,700 N)|
|Honey Locust||1,580 lbf (7,030 N)|
|Hard Maple, Sugar Maple||1,450 lbf (6,400 N)|
|White Oak||1,360 lbf (6,000 N)|
|Ash (White)||1,320 lbf (5,900 N)|
|American Beech||1,300 lbf (5,800 N)|
|Red Oak (Northern)||1,290 lbf (5,700 N)|
|Yellow Birch / Baltic birch||1,260 lbf (5,600 N)|
|Teak||1,155 lbf (5,140 N)|
|Black Walnut, North American Walnut||1,010 lbf (4,500 N)|
|Cherry||995 lbf (4,430 N)|
|Black Cherry, Imbuia||950 lbf (4,200 N)|
|Red Maple||950 lbf (4,200 N)|
|Larch||830 lbf (3,690 N)|
|Yellow Pine||870 lbf (3,870 N)|
|Douglas Fir||710 lbf (3,158 N)|
|Silver Maple||700 lbf (3,100 N)|
|Willow||570 lbf (2,530 N)|
|Hemlock||540 lbf (2,402 N)|
|Black Spruce||520 lbf (2,313 N)|
|Cypress||510 lbf (2,269 N)|
|Cottonwood||430 lbf (1,913 N)|
|Redwood||420 lbf (1,868 N)|
|Basswood||410 lbf (1,823 N)|
|Engelmann Spruce||390 lbf (1,735 N)|
|Sugar Pine||380 lbf (1,690 N)|
|White Pine||380 lbf (1,690 N)|
|Aspen||350 lbf (1,557 N)|
|White Cedar||320 lbf (1,423 N)|
As you can see apple wood is significantly harder than many other kinds of wood.
Therefore, you can use apple wood literally for any woodworking project without worrying about its durability.
So, let’s discuss the characteristic features of apple wood according to its hardness.
Apple Wood Characteristics
Apple is an attractive wood with a light reddish or deep red color heartwood. The lighter and darker color streaks on apple wood add a unique appearance to your furniture.
Applewood has a straight grain with uniform texture which is the same as in Cherry wood. The diffuse porous structure of apple wood is the main reason for its extreme hardness level since it has small vessels in uniform sizes.
Even though apple wood is hardwood, you will need to apply a proper sealant before using furniture or woodwork.
Under extreme weather conditions, apple wood furniture may rot and decay quite easily.
Because of having high density with high hardness, apple wood is difficult to work with.
Your woodworking hand tools should be well-sharpened before working with apple wood since screwing, drilling, nailing, and cutting apple wood is difficult due to their hardness.
But having high density is great for wood carving since it won’t chip or tear away easily. You can use apple wood for both large and small wood carving projects and for woodturning.
Apple wood slabs saved from the chipper.Gorgeous future table tops storing carbon! #climatechange #woodwork #handmade #toronto #ontariowood pic.twitter.com/uMLL8nZzLl— Sawmill Sid Inc. (@SawmillSid) October 27, 2017
With regular use, woodworking tools can easily blunt or break due to their extreme fiber density.
But finishing apple wood is super easy. You can glue, stain, seal, and finish apple wood quite easily.
Apple wood has a density range of 657 kg/m3 to 833 kg/m3 which is significantly harder than most woods.
Plus, apple wood has a characteristic odor that smells like an apple and can cause allergies for some people. But I find it satisfying and great for indoor furniture.
Most importantly apple wood has high shrinkage which can be seen in winter.
When the environmental humidity is lower than the humidity inside the wood, the moisture will evaporate from the wood and cause the wood to shrink.
This can cause lots of issues in apple wood outdoor furniture which can lose its dimensional strengths due to wood mobility.
You can minimize wood shrinkage by applying a proper sealant like lacquer to make a barrier between the inner wood and the outside air.
Here’re the most significant qualities of apple wood,
- High hardness
- High durability
- Poor workability
- Has a characteristic odor
- Easy to finish
- High shrinkage
Here’re the main characteristic features of apple wood,
|Color||Light to deep reddish color|
|Density||657 kg/m3 to 833 kg/m3|
|Hardness||1,730 lbf (7,700 N)|
|Applications||Furniture making, Tool handles, Wood carving|
So, let’s have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of apple wood in terms of its hardness.
Pros And Cons of Apple Wood
|Rot-resistant than other woods||Difficult to work with|
|Pleasant smell||High shrinkage|
|Easy to seal and finish||Prone to insect attacks|
|Great for carving and turning|
|Great for firewood|
|Attractive wood appearance|
|Food-safe and Non-toxic wood|
As you can see apple wood is filled with lots of benefits. Its extra hardness is useful for making furniture and other woodwork with great stability.
But applying a proper sealant is a must because it will easily decay under extreme moisture conditions.
Live from #LDF16: The Bayleaf Dressing Table by @sebastiancoxltd is made of British apple and sycamore wood – at @d… pic.twitter.com/S0RvmaTf1P— Design Milk (@designmilk) September 19, 2016
Let’s see some applications of apple wood.
What Is Apple Wood Used For?
Basically, apple wood can use for anything. It has excellent hardness, stability, density, and toughness to withstand well against any impact.
Here’re some popular applications of apple wood
- Furniture making
- Wood carvings
- Wood turnings
- Tool handles
- Decorative items
- Cutting boards and butcher blocks
As you can see apple wood can use literally for any woodworking and woodcarving project without worrying about its durability.
With proper finishing, you can use apple wood furniture even for moist environments like making bathroom shelves and kitchen furniture.
Yes, I do a lot of my design work using this exact setup. What have I become.— Drew Wilson (@drewwilson) November 20, 2022
Apple keyboard and trackpad
Wood table and chairs pic.twitter.com/RC0azWibpf
How Strong Is Apple Wood?
Apple wood is one of the strongest hardwoods on the planet. Being so strong is useful to maintain wood structure without losing its dimensional stability even under stress.
Therefore, you can use apple wood for applications that carry heavy loads such as bookshelves, beds, and floorings. Wood can bear load without breaking or cracking.
The compressive strength and flexural strength of apple wood are quite high compared to other hardwoods.
- The compressive strength of apple wood is 41.6 MPa
- The bending strength of apple wood is 8.76 Gpa
Because of having high bending strength, you can soften apple wood for bending using steam without breaking the wood.
For example, Apple wood is stronger than Cherry, Basswood, Sycamore, Oak, and Poplar.
You can make strong furniture using apple wood which will last forever with proper maintenance and finishing.
That’s it, folks! Hope you have learned everything you wanted to know about, is an apple a hardwood.
Presenting a table top made from Local Apple wood! #applewood #woodworking #localartist #burlon #Burlington #Ontario #crafting #Canada pic.twitter.com/mn6cQZsB0Q— B & D Custom Milling (@BDCustomMilling) September 30, 2016
Let’s answer some frequently asked questions.
Is Applewood Good For Woodworking?
Apple wood is great for woodworking. It is hard, dense, strong, tough, and durable. Woodworks made with apple wood will easily last forever.
The only issue with apple wood in woodworking is its extreme density which gives hard time when working with tools.
Apple wood is difficult to cut and nail. Your woodworking tools need to be well-sharpened. They will be blunt quite easily.
Therefore, apple wood is not the best wood for beginners in woodworking. But when it comes to industrial applications, applewood is a versatile wood type.
Tales from The WoodCelt WorkShop:— The WoodCelt🪵🪵🌳🌻🦋 (@JimAConnor) May 28, 2022
A commissioned monkey puzzle wood table lamp and a solid one-piece diffuser. The diffuser is applewood that cracked a bit drying so I experimented with some staining. Used red and black with the grain gives a nice dark American walnut look! pic.twitter.com/3eOdl6Xrp0
Is Apple Wood Hard To Split?
Yes, apple wood is hard to split because of its high density and hardness. But it is great for firewood for smoking heat.
You need to have sharp tools when splitting apple wood since it is tougher than many other kinds of wood.
Try to split applewood when they are green. Fresh applewood is tightly grained and the axe is able to pass through the wood quite easily.
New Work:— Art D. (@ADrauglis) January 26, 2022
Wood (Cherry, Apple)
18″H x 15 1/2″D x 15 1/2″W.
with a cameo from my late-Cretaceous boombox. pic.twitter.com/5h81tXDurU
Did I cover all you wanted to know about: Is Apple A Hardwood?
In this article, we have deeply discussed, whether is apple a hardwood, how hard apple wood is compared to other popular wood types, and the characteristic features of apple wood as a hardwood with pros and cons.
Apple wood is a hardwood with high density, toughness, and strength. Apple wood has a Janka hardness rating of 1,730 lbf (7,700 N) which is significantly harder than many kinds of wood. Apple wood is a durable hardwood that can use for making furniture, wood carving, and turning. Apple wood furniture is able used for a long time with proper finishing.
Furthermore, I’ve answered some frequently asked questions as well.
Hope you have gained good knowledge regarding, is apple wood hardwood with all its qualities.
Try to use apple wood for your next woodworking project and see how dense and hard it is. Happy woodworking!